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Simla Agreement To Resolve The Problem Of

The last part of the agreement calls for “a final settlement of Jammu and Kashmir.” The agreement clearly suggests that neither Pakistan nor India could unilaterally change the status quo on any of their problems, including Kashmir, until these problems have been resolved. In August 2019, India violated important provisions of the agreement after unilaterally changing the status of the controversial Kashmir by subsuming its territories within its own territories. Under the Simla agreement, neither Pakistan nor India can unilaterally annex an area of Kashmir, as its legal status is at stake and the final agreement between the two countries has not yet been reached. As part of the agreement, the two nations, India and Pakistan, had agreed to refrain from threats and violence in violation of the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir. the two countries are committed to resolving their differences through bilateral negotiations or other peaceful means agreed upon between them. Given the situation that required an agreement between the Indian and Pakistani leaders, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the Pakistani president was invited to a summit in Simla during the last week of June 1972. The summit was to lead to a peace treaty that was to lead to the withdrawal of troops and the return of prisoners of war after the 1971 war. The Indian government and the Pakistani government are committed to ending the conflict and confrontation that have so far hampered their relations and work to promote friendly and harmonious relations and establish lasting peace in the subcontinent, so that both countries can now devote their resources and energies to the urgent task of promoting the well-being of their people. [3] Agreements must be concluded by these parties and international law has clearly defined the rules and procedures governing the application of treaties. However, a breach of contract by either party may allow others to terminate it, bringing both parties, as far as possible, back to the position they were in before a contract was entered into, which would result in a return to the status quo ante (the previous situation).